Preparing for Less Common Disasters
In most regions, certain types of disasters are more common than others. Disaster preparation, therefore, naturally focuses around these types of storms and weather events. For a more complete disaster preparation, however, it is important to think about less common regional disasters or disasters that could occur anywhere but are improbable. Events like disease outbreaks, droughts, and less common regional natural disasters like earthquakes or blizzards are the types of disasters to keep in mind when planning a response. Individual preparation will vary from disaster to disaster but certain preparation measures and precautions can be taken for disasters of any type.
Complete self-reliance in the event of a serious disaster is nearly impossible, but planning thoroughly to become as self-sufficient as possible will help you cope in the aftermath. Food and water reserves and emergency survival essentials and equipment are a good thing to have to address a natural or man made disaster. The more comprehensive your supplies, the more comfortable and self-sufficient you may be during a disaster. Certain emergencies may involve downed utilities or periods of prolonged isolation where remaining self-sufficient is a survival reality. In these instances, not only having the supplies necessary to subsist, but the skills to handle a potentially life threatening or prolonged stressful situation are important. In urban areas, this may prove more difficult than in rural regions, and having an evacuation plan could be an essential component to your personal safety and self-reliance.
Address Specific Risks
Disaster planning is really all about risk management. This means that to better prepare for a disaster situation of any kind, you have to understand the risks for a particular disaster situation. No matter the type of disaster, there are certain aftermath occurrences that are shared. Power outages, water shutdowns, structural damage to the home, and widespread public health risks are all factors to consider in your preparation. The specific effects of disasters will vary by location as well since certain structures and locations may experience more severe consequences–structural damage and effects of hazardous chemicals or disease, for example. Uncommon disasters may require a special attention to certain risks that are not as serious of a concern in other more common regional disasters. Preparations for droughts, for example, are very distinct from other kinds of storm preparations and will require a particular type of planning.